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Sugar
 

Sugar is not only a cheap source of instant energy but also a source of several medical & therapeutic values. India is one of the largest producers of sugarcane and sugar products. We produce sugar in various grades according to size and colour of sugar from the evaporation of the juice that is extracted from the crushed cane. We are manufacturing various grades such as M-31, L-30, L-31 and S-31. This is widely used as a sweetener in food and beverages, pharmaceuticals and many more giant FMCG companies.

 

In our country, different grades of sugar are used in different parts of the country. The consumers in rural area migrating from the consumption of alternative sweeteners, towards sugar. The maximum portion of sugar sold and consumed within India is loose and packaged.

 

The Making of Sugar:

Sugar cane is crushed and its juice is extracted in the mill house and sent for weightment. After weightment, it is pumped and heated up to 60-65 decree centigrade in the juice heaters. The heated juice is sent to the juice sulphiter, where SO2 gas and milk of lime is added to remove the impurities present in the juice. The juice is separated and concentrated in evaporators.

 

The underflow from the clarifier is taken to the vacuum filters, where, the juice is concentrated to the maximum and the residual filter cake is disposed off as manure to the farmers. The extracted juice is re-circulated and concentrated juice from the evaporators is sulphited with SO2 gas to achieve pH of 5.1 and is again concentrated in the vacuum pans for making massecuite (a mixture of sugar and molasses).

 

The massecuite is purged in centrifugal machine, thus, separating out sugar and molasses. Sugar is dried, graded, and packed in gunny bags for storage in the godown. Molasses is stored in steel tanks.